Release date: 2018-05-21Author: European Society of Cardiology(ESC)Source: Crespo-Leiro MG, et al. Eur J Heart Fail. 2018. doi: 10.1002/ejhf.1236. [Epub ahead of print]Abstract: This article updates the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) 2007 classification of advanced heart failure and describes new diagnostic and treatment options for these patients. Recognizing the patient with advanced heart failure is critical to facilitate timely referral to advanced heart failure centres. Unplanned visits for heart failure decompensation, malignant arrhythmias, co-morb...
Published: 2018 - 06 - 21
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Published: 2018 - 01 - 30
Brief IntroductionAtrial fibrillation is the most common and most treated cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice. It is associated with 5-fold increase in the incidence of stroke and increasing risk with ages [1]. The consequences are very serious. Compared with non-AF-related stroke, the recurrence rate is increased by 61% [2], the disability is increased by 74% [3] and the mortality is increased by 119% [4]. As reported, about 91%of thrombi were originated in the left atrial appendage in patients with non-valvular heart disease; about 57% of thrombi were present in the left atrial appendage...
Published: 2018 - 01 - 09
Brief IntroductionThe therapeutic principle of atrial fibrillation is to restore and maintain normal sinus rhythm and control the ventricular rate, thereby reducing the risk of stroke.  Currently, atrial fibrillation cardioversion methods include: drug recovery, electrical conversion, interventional radiofrequency ablation, and surgical Maze procedure.  So far, the surgical Maze procedure is the most effective way to treat atrial fibrillation and restore normal sinus rhythm with the highest AF freedom rate.  The Cox-Maze Procedure is a surgical procedure designed to treat atrial...
Published: 2018 - 01 - 09
Brief IntroductionPulmonary artery stenosis can occur in the main pulmonary artery, left and right pulmonary artery and pulmonary artery branches.  Stenosis can be single or multiple, limited, segmental or diffused, and also can be unilateral or bilateral.  The reasons can be divided into congenital and secondary.  Most congenital pulmonary stenoses are the result of congenital heart disease with pulmonary circulation malformation, such as Tetralogy of Fallot, pulmonary atresia, and tricuspid atresia with pulmonary stenosis.  Most secondary pulmonary stenoses are due to sur...
Published: 2018 - 01 - 09
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